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2010年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试真题及解析

2012-11-11 来源:继教网 点击数:2833 字体:

 

同等学力人员申请硕士学位外国语(英语)水平全国统一考试2010年真题
         Paper One 试卷一
             (90minutes)  
PartⅠ Dialogue Communication (10 minutes, 10 points, 1 for each)
Section A Dialogue Completion
Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
1. A: Can you take over for me here for a little while? I have a friend coming to see me.
 B: I’d like to, but______ Ask Peter, he’s not so occupied at this moment.
A. how can I do it        B. that’s alright.
C. I have my hands full.     D. that’s impossible.
2. A: To get an outside line, just dial 0 and the phone number. Or we can place a call for you, if you want.
 B: No, thanks a lot. ________
A. Just put me through.     B. I’ll try it myself.
C. I’d rather not.          D. I’ll appreciate your help.
3. A: Nowit’s just work, work, work. I work hard all day, every day.
 B: Oh, come on. _________You’re making a good salary now.
A. Don’t complain.          B. Sorry to hear about it
C. Anything I can do for you D. What’s your plan?
4. A: Pamelacan you come to a meeting on Friday
B: _______ let me check my schedule. When are you having it
A. No big deal.    B. I’m not sure.    C. Can I  D. Sure thing
5. A: I’m really getting fed up with the salespersons who keep calling.
 B: _________
A. I hope it’s nothing serious.   B. They are so stupid
C. So am I. It’s so annoying.    D. You are right. Forget it.
 
Section B   Dialogue Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short conversations between a man and a woman. At the end of each conversation there is a question followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to the question from the 4 choices by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
6. Man: I’ve figured it all out. It looks like it’ll take us about 5 hours to drive from here to Chicago.
 Woman: It’d be more relaxing to take the train. But I guess we should watch our expenses.
 Question: What does the woman imply?
A. She likes to drive when she travels.
B. She doesn’t want to go to Chicago.
C. She doesn’t know the cost of the train trip.
D. It’s cheaper to go to Chicago by car.
7. Man: How about the examination last week?
 Woman: If I’d got more time, I could have made it.
 Question: What does the woman imply
A. She was asked to take another examination
B. She failed the examination last week.
C. She did quite well in the examination.
D. She didn’t take the examination last week.
8.Man: Harvard or the State University, have you decided yet
 Woman: Well, I’d rather be a big fish in a small pond.
 Question: Which university is the woman likely to choose?
A. The State University.     B. Harvard.
C. Neither.                D. She hasn’t decided yet.
9. Man: I’ve just found a great location to open a new shop.
 Women: But you haven’t researched the market. Don’t you think this is putting the cart before the horse
 Question: What does the woman mean
A. The man shouldn’t make the decision so quickly.
B. It’s too risky to choose such a location.
C. The man is doing things in the wrong order.
D. It’s possible for him to make a better choice.
10. Women: My results are a bit flattering because I’ve had quite a lot of luck.
  Man: Nonsense, you’re head and shoulders above the others in your group.
  Question: What does the man think is the reason for the woman’s success?
A. She’s really lucky.
B. She’s far better than the others.
C. She’s got the others’ support.
D. She’s been working hard.
 
Part II Vocabulary (20 minutes, 10 points, 0.5 for each) 
Section A
Directions:In this section, there are 10 sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
11. Betty was offended because she felt that her friends had ignored her purposefully at the party.
A. desperately    B. definitely    C. deliberately    D. decisively
12. There has been enough playing around, so let’s get down to business.
A. make a deal             B. begin our work
C. reach an agreement       D. change our plan
13. How is it possible for our human body to convert yesterday’s lunch into today’s muscle
A. alter                 B. develop               C. modify         D. turn
14. It is important for families to observe their traditions even as their children get older.
A. notice           B. watch           C. follow          D. celebrate
15. It is difficult to comprehend, but everything you have ever seen, smelt, heard or felt is merely your brain’s interpretation of incoming stimuli.
A. explanation   B. evaluation    C. recognition   D. interruption
16. Life is more important than the pressures and stresses that we place on ourselves over work and other commitments.
A. appointments         B. arrangements   
C. obligations            D. devotions
17. If you continue to indulge in computer games like this, your future will be at stake.
A. in danger                 B. without question   
C. on guard                  D. at large
18. Romantic novels, as opposed to realistic ones, tend to present idealized versions of life, often with a happy ending.
A. in contrast to               B. in regard to
C. in terms of                  D. in light of
19. Most people would agree that, although our age far surpasses all previous ages in knowledge, there has been no correlative increase in wisdom.
A. improves      B. precedes       C. imposes              D. exceeds
20. Many students today display a disturbing willingness to choose institutions and careers on the basis of earning potential.
A. offensive            B. depressive   
C. troublesome       D. tiresome
 
Section B
Directions: In this section, there are 10 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
21. My oldest son had just finished a (an) _________ holiday stay prior to moving to a new state, a new job, and the next chapter in his life.
A. enlarged    B. expanded    C. extended    D. increased
22. Blacks and American Indians _________ less than 10% of students in the top 30 business schools, while they are about 28% of the U.S. population.
A. make up    B. take up      C. reach out    D. turn out
23. With demand continuing to rise in _________ economies such as China and India, energy traders believe that oil futures are a good bet.
A. employing    B. emerging    C. embracing    D. emitting
24. Laws and regulations in each country have to be made __________ the constitution of the country.
A. in honor of            B. in memory of   
C. in return of              D. in line with
25. The jury’s _______ was that the accused was guilty.
A. verdict               B. sentence       C. trial        D. debate
26. In English learning, a ______ cycle occurs when a student makes more errors after being scolded.
A. vertical         B. vicious          C. vivid       D. vigorous
27. Isn’t it _________ when you learn something you’ve never known before
A. cool             B. crazy            C. cold        D. cute
28. There are several factors _______the rapid growth of sales promotion, particularly in consumer markets.
A. resorting to     B. appealing to
C. applying to     D. contributing to
29. The Internet has been developing at a speed ________ people’s expectations in the past two decades.
A. over             B. of           C. under     D. beyond
30. It is obvious that the sports games are no longer amateur affairs; they have become professionally________.
A. laid off          B. laid out    C. put off    D. put out
 
Part III  Reading Comprehension (45 minutes, 30 points, 1 for each)
Directions: There are 5 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 6 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
Passage One
Loneliness has been linked to depression and other health problems. Now, a study says it can also spread. A friend of a lonely person was 52% more likely to develop feelings of loneliness. And a friend of that friend was 25% more likely to do the same. Earlier findings showed that happiness, fatness and the ability to stop smoking can also grow like infections within social groups. The findings all come from a major health study in the American town of Framingham, Massachusetts.
The study began in 1948 to investigate the causes of heart disease. Since then, more tests have been added, including measures of loneliness and depression.
The new findings involved more than 5,000 people in the second generation of the Framingham Heart Study. The researchers examined friendship histories and reports of loneliness. The results established a pattern that spread as people reported fewer close friends.
For exampleloneliness can affect relationships between next-door neighbors. The loneliness spreads as neighbors who were close friends now spend less time together. The study also found that loneliness spreads more easily among women than men.
Researchers from the University of Chicago, Harvard and the University of California, San Diego, did the study. The findings appeared last month in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
The average person is said to experience feelings of loneliness about 48 days a year. The study found that having a lonely friend can add about 17 days. But every additional friend can decrease loneliness by about 5%, or two and a half days.
Lonely people become less and less trusting of others. This makes it more and more difficult for them to make friends—and more likely that society will reject them.
John Cacioppo at the University of Chicago led the study. He says it is important to recognize and deal with loneliness. He says people who have been pushed to the edges of society should receive help to repair their social networks.
The aim should be to aggressively create what he calls a “protective barrier” against loneliness. This barrier, he says, can keep the whole network from coming apart.
 
31. Besides loneliness, which of the following can also spread among people?
A. Friendship   B. Happiness   C. Depression   D. Smoking
32. The Framingham Heart Study starting from 1948_________.
A. expanded its research topics
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