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2011年同等学力人员申请硕士学位英语水平全国统一考试真题及解析

2012-11-11 来源:继教网 点击数:2712 字体:

同等学力人员申请硕士学位外国语(英语)水平全国统一考试2011年真题

         Paper One 试卷一
             (90minutes)  
PartⅠ Dialogue Communication (10 minutes, 10 points, 1 for each)
Section A Dialogue Completion
Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

1. A: Dan gave me a free ride home, but 1 paid for the gas.
B: You know what they say,____
A. one good turn deserves another.       
B. there's no free lunch.
C. it's who you know that counts.        
D. don't bite off more than you can chew.
2. A: David said he bought a new BMW for £5, 000.
B:____Sounds pretty cheap to me!
A: Well, that's what he said.
A. Come to think of it.              B. Are you sure?
C. Do you think so?                  D. Is he crazy?
3. A: We just came back from Phoenix. And we had the best vacation in years.
B:____ I'm glad to hear it.
A. How was it?                        B. Oh, my goodness!
C. Good for you.                     D. Oh, there you go again.
4. A: I just can't stand this class any more!
B:____It’s required, and you have to sit in it in order to graduate.
A. Why, you can say that again!        
B. Well, why not just drop out of it?
C. Why, 1 couldn't agree more!        
D. Well, you might as well get used to it.
5. A: I don't know about you, but I thought that film was terrific.
B:____The action was great, and so was the music.
A. I'm with you there.                  B. Just the same.
C. More or less.                          D. I sure do.
 
Section B   Dialogue Comprehension
Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short conversations between a man and a woman. At the end of each conversation there is a question followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to the question from the 4 choices by marking the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
6. Woman: I'm tired of driving all the way to work and back every day. If only cars could drive themselves.
Man: Well, some car manufacturers are working on them. 1 guess you'll soon buy one if you can afford it.
Question: What does the man imply?
A. Cars that drive themselves may be very expensive.
B. The women will be able to buy an intelligent car.
C. He is working with a car producer on intelligent cars.
D. Driving to work is really a headache.
7. Woman: I’d rather not talk about it. Just don't ask.
Man: Come on. I think you need to let off some steam.
Question: What does the man advice the woman to do?
A. To keep the secret.
B. To talk to him about the problem.
C. To reduce the workload.
D. To have a great rest.
8. Man: Julie's dress looks funny. That style went out last year.
Woman: Oh, come on, as long as it looks good on her.
Question: What does the man try to emphasize?
A. Julie's dress is not outdated.
B. Julie's dress does not suit her.
C. Julie looks fine in that dress.
D. Julie should fol1ow the fashion.
9. Woman: What kind of snacks do you prefer?
Man: Oh, I've got a sweet tooth, you know.
Question: What does the woman probably like?
A. Sandwich.                          B. Hot dogs.
C. Potato chips.                        D. Ice cream.
10. Man: Annie, how does it not even cross your mind that you might want a future with someone?
Woman: It's simple. I don't mind being married to my career.
Question: What's Annie's attitude towards her future?
A. She will stay with someone unmarried.
B. She will live a simple life.
C. She will fully focus on her job.
D. She will quit her job to get married.
 
Part II Vocabulary (20 minutes, 10 points, 0.5 for each) 
Section A
Directions:In this section, there are 10 sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
11. The tendency of the human body to reject foreign matter is the main obstacle to successful organ transplantation.
A. factor                  B. constituent        
C. break                   D. barrier
12. Whenever you need Tom, he is always there whether it be an ear or a helping hand, so you can always learn on him.
A. benefit from          B. count on           
C. stand for               D. stick to
13. The news reports completely overlooked the more profound political implications of the events.
A. foresaw               B. neglected           
C. explored              D. assessed
14. Teachers and nurses who deal with children are obliged to report cases of suspected child abuse to authorities.
A. reminded               B. expected            
C. requested              D. compelled
15. Your grade will  be based in large part on the originality of your ideas.
A. popularity             B. creativity            
C. feasibility              D. flexibility
16. We suspect there is a quite deliberate attempt to sabotage the elections and undermine the electoral commission.
A. conscious             B. desperate            
C. intentional             D. clumsy
17. So strange were the circumstances of my story I can scarcely believe myself to have been a party to them.
A. hardly                 B. just                
C. almost                D. definitely
18. Smoke particles and other air pollutants are often trapped in the atmosphere, thus forming dirty fog.
A. caught                    B. constrained         
C. concealed               D. concentrated
19. Employees in chemical factories are entitled to receive extra pay for doing hazardous work.
A. poisonous            B. difficult            
C. harmful                D. dangerous
20. Curt Carlson, the wealthiest man in Minnesota, owned a hotel and travel company with sales reaching in the neighborhood of£9 billion.
A. precisely              B. merely           
C. approximately      D. substantially
 
Section B
Directions: In this section, there are 10 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
21. Susan never took any cookery courses; she learned cooking by____     useful tips from TV cookery programs.
A. bringing up                       B. picking up         
C. putting up                         D. pulling up
22. The President         his deputy to act for him while he was abroad.
A. promoted                  B. substituted        
C. displaced                  D. authorized
23. It         without saying that consumers would be happier if prices were lower.
A. takes                      B. appears          
C. goes                       D. makes
24. The world economic recession put an         end to the steel market upturn that began in 2002.
A. irregular                   B. illegal           
C. absurd                     D. abrupt
25. I'm        about how you discovered my website, and I'm very glad if you enjoy it.
A. mysterious                B. furious          
C. curious                     D. serious
26. The Labor Party's electoral strategy, based on aan ____ with other smaller parties, has proved successful.
A. acquaintance               B. integration       
C. intimacy                      D. alliance
27. The new aircraft will be         to a test of temperatures of -65℃ and 120℃.
A. suspended                 B. suppressed       
C. subjected                   D. summoned
28. The memory I got from teaching on the side was a useful        to my ordinary income.
A. supplement                B. profit           
C. subsidy                     D. replacement
29. Chinese people are now enjoying better dental heath, as shown by the declining         of tooth decay.
A. incidence                   B. treatment         
C. consequence              D. misfortune
30. Many countries have conservation programs to prevent
certain         of fish from becoming extinct.
A. sources                    B. species          
C. numbers                   D. members
 
Part III  Reading Comprehension (45 minutes, 30 points, 1 for each)
Directions: There are 5 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by 6 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.
 
Passage One
People are living longer than ever, but for some reason, women are living longer than men. A baby boy born in the United States in 2003 can expect to live to be about 73, a baby girl, about 79. This indeed a wide gap, and no one really knows why it exists. The greater longevity (长寿) of woman, however, has been known for centuries. It was, for example, described in the seventeenth century. However, the difference was smaller then--the gap is growing.
A number of reasons have been proposed to account for the differences. The gap is greatest in industrialized societies, so it has been suggested that woman are less susceptible to work strains that may raise the risk of heart disease and alcoholism. Sociologists also tell us that woman are encouraged to be less adventurous than men (and this may be why they are more careful drivers, involved in fewer accidents).
Even smoking has been implicated in the age discrepancy. It was once suggested that working women are more likely to smoke and as more women entered the work force, the age gap would begin to close, because smoking is related to earlier deaths. Now, however, we see more women smoking and they still tend to live longer although their lung cancer rate is climbing sharply.
One puzzling aspect of the problem is that women do not appear to be as health as men, that is, they report far more illness. But when a man reports an illness, it is more likely to be serious.
Some researchers have suggested that men may die earlier because their health is more strongly related to their emotions. For example, men tend to die sooner after losing a spouse than women do. Men even seem to be more weakened by loss of a job. (Both of these are linked with a marked decrease in the effectiveness of the immune system.) Among men, death follows retirement with an alarming promptness.
Perhaps we are searching for the answers too close to the surface of the problem. Perhaps the answers lie deeper in our biological heritage. After all, the phenomenon is not isolated to humans. Females have the edge among virtually all mammalian (哺乳动物的) species, in that they generally live longer. Furthermore, in many of these species the differences begin at the moment of conception; there are more male miscarriages (流产) . In humans, after birth, more baby boys than baby girls die.
 
31. What can we learn from the first two paragraphs?
A. Men's lifespan remains almost unchanged.
B. Researchers have found the causes of the age gap.
C. The age gap was noticed only recently.
D. The more advanced a society, the greater the age gap.
32. As is suggested in Paragraph 2, the two factors relevant to women’s longer lifespan are       .
A. disease and road accidents
B. industrialization and work strains
C. their endurance of work strains and reluctance for adventure
D. their immunity to heart disease and refusal of alcohol
33. According to Paragraph 3, which of the following statements is true?
A. The great number of male smokers contributes to the age gap.
B. The growing number of smoking women will narrow the age gap.
C. Smoking does not seem to affect women's longevity.
D. Female workers are more likely to smoke than male workers.
34. Which of the following phenomenon makes researchers puzzled?
A. Though more liable to illness, women still live longer.
B. Men's health is more closely related to their emotions.
C. Men show worse symptoms than women when they fall ill.
D. Quite a number of men die soon after their retirement.
35. The word "edge" in Paragraph 6 means"        "
A. margin                   B. side
C. quality                   D. advantage
36. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. That women are healthier than men well explains their longevity.
B. The greater longevity of women remains a mystery.
C. People are living longer as a result of industrialization.
D. W omen are less emotionally affected by difficulties in life.
 
Passage Two
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